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5 April 2017

Planning stormwater and sediment erosion control measures to minimize construction delays

Sonne-DavidWhen it rains it usually pours – and when you are on a tight construction schedule it is imperative to minimize weather-related construction delays. That’s why it is so important to identify and implement effective stormwater and sediment erosion control measures during the construction planning phase for a landfill cell. These measures will help reduce cleanup time and get back to productive work as soon as practical.

Landfill cell construction typically involves mass excavation to achieve base grades lower than existing grade, which creates a potential pond. Depending on the elevation to which adjacent cells have been filled and the area of the cells tributary to the proposed cell, the potential volume of water within the construction area may be increased. Good stormwater measures will minimize the amount of off-site area tributary to the cell area, which will minimize pumping – if the areas outside the work area can now be diverted away.

Here are some tips to reducing stormwater run-on in the construction area and the mess that comes with it:

Stormwater diversion berms

Diversion berms are constructed across the side slope to collect and divert runoff away from the construction area below. Typically, the cross-section above the diversion berm resembles a v-shaped channel. The berm is designed to have stable side slopes and constructed from compacted clay-rich soil. The cross section slope conforms to the existing side slope and soil is bermed up to create the desired channel depth against the side slope.

A one size fits all approach does not work. I’d really recommend confirming/sizing the berm based on Manning’s equation, using the calculated flow generated from the design storm in the contributing drainage area. The desired channel lining (riprap, grass, turf-reinforced matting) should then be evaluated and checked against the design velocity. I recommend confirming the diversion berm capacity based on the tributary drainage area and design storm rainfall event.

Be sure to visually inspect the berms during construction and repair any cracks and any low points in the top of the berm that you notice. These will be the areas that water will likely breach and wash out sections of the berm during a significant rainfall event.

Side slope stabilization

Sonne-erosion-sideslopeSide slope stabilization is important, because the existing side slope may have a long slope length, and protecting the side slope reduces erosion and sedimentation deposited at the base. Items such as top soiling, seeding, and erosion control blanketing are good ways to protect the side slopes. This will also provide future protection to the leachate system components, including the granular drainage layer and filter fabric if exposed for a long period of time. This level of protection will prevent siltation and clogging that might require replacement of these materials after earthwork construction. Side slope stabilization also helps reduce sediment build up in the diversion berms. Pictured is an eroded sideslope.

Temporary containment berm

It is quite likely that the area adjacent to the cell construction is or will be over-excavated to accommodate a sedimentation basin and overbuild of the cell. In cases where a cell is partially built, it is really important to implement additional measures to keep water out of the cell. One good way of doing this is by constructing a containment berm. Be sure to confirm the required storage volume to determine the maximum containment berm height. Providing sufficient freeboard will allow more stormwater runoff to be detained and be pumped out later.

Summing it up

During construction, erosion and sedimentation control measures are important in the construction process. Consider diversion berms, side slope stabilization measures, and temporary containment berms to save time in the long run – and keep construction on track.

Do you have any additional suggestions for stormwater sedimentation or erosion control measures that will help save time during construction?

David Sonne is a Project Manager with more than 13 years of professional experience in design, permitting and construction of commercial and environmental facilities.

Categories: Environmental Planning & Compliance, Landfill Engineering and Design, Solid Waste
Posted By David Sonne at 10:34 AM  |  No Comments on Planning stormwater and sediment erosion control measures to minimize construction delays

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